Resource Library

Enbridge Pipeline Fact Sheet #4: Economics backgrounder for Northern Gateway

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Northern Gateway puts BC's $4.6 billion-per-year coastal economy at risk, while offering few economic opportunities to British Columbians. Most of the jobs associated with the project are short-term construction jobs, and though Enbridge has attempted to inflate the number of long-term jobs by including questionable "indirect jobs," they've conceded that Northern Gateway would directly create fewer than 200 jobs in BC.

Enbridge Pipeline Fact Sheet #3: Trouble coming down the pipe

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Enbridge’s Northern Gateway project proposes twin pipelines stretching from the tar sands in Alberta to the port of Kitimat on BC’s North Coast. A westbound pipeline would carry 525,000 barrels per day of bitumen and synthetic crude for export to Asia, while an eastbound pipeline would carry 193,000 barrels per day of imported natural gas condensate for use in the tar sands.

Enbridge Pipeline Fact Sheet #2: Oil tankers on BC’s fragile coast

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Enbridge’s Northern Gateway project would bring more than 225 oil tankers to BC’s North Coast every year. Some of the supertankers that would travel through BC’s fragile inside passage could carry up to 2 million barrels of oil. Each one of these tankers is 350 meters long, as long as the Empire State Building is tall.

Enbridge Pipeline Fact Sheet #1: A Gateway to Tar Sands Expansion

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If built, the Enbridge Northern Gateway project would link the tar sands to markets in Asia, and increase the tar sands’ export capacity by 525,000 barrels per day. To fill the pipeline the average daily tar sands output would have to increase by nearly 30%, with serious environmental consequences.

King Carbon: How Enbridge Damages Our Climate as the World’s Largest Tar Sands Shipper

Published by: Environmental Defence Canada

Enbridge is more than just the company that delivers natural gas to homes across Ontario. It's also the largest shipper of tar sands oil, and is responsible for shipping enough of Canada’s oil and gas each year to equal, when burned, half of Canada’s entire annual release of global warming pollution.

Report on Enbridge Pipeline Oil Spill in Marshall, Michigan

Published by: US House of Representatives, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure

A background report for a congressional hearing into Enbridge's July 2010 oil spill in Michigan. Provides background information, a preliminary timeline of events, a description of the emergency response, and other information.

Enbridge 2009 AGM transcript

Published by: Enbridge

The transcript from Enbridge's 2009 AGM, including questions posed by First Nations and NGOs regarding aboriginal rights and responsibility for tanker accidents.

Leaflet on Enbridge’s 2010 pipeline spill in Michigan

Published by: Friends of Wild Salmon

A leaflet Friends of Wild Salmon released in the days following the major Enbridge oil spill in Michigan.

How Do Two Pipelines Stack Up?

Published by: Pembina Institute

One project stands to open Canada's North to unprecedented development, while the other could open B.C.'s coast to crude oil tankers. Both will have monumental impacts on the environment and society for decades to come — so why then are the review processes for these two projects incredibly different? In this chart the Pembina Institute compares the Mackenzie Gas Project and the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline, along with the review processes required for their approval.

Oil and Salmon Don’t Mix Pipelines and Salmon

Published by: Pembina Institute

This report commissioned by the Pembina Institute found that the proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines pose serious risks to salmon in northern British Columbia. If the project proceeds, more than 700,000 barrels of petroleum products would cross the rivers, mountains and valleys of northern British Columbia each day.

Opening the Door for Oil Sands Expansion - Report

Published by: Pembina Institute

The proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway project would result in a 30% increase in average daily oil sands output, according to a new report by the Pembina Institute. However, the environmental assessment of the project will ignore impacts associated with increased oil sands production, such as increased greenhouse gas emissions, according to the final Terms of Reference. The proposed project would transport petroleum products from the Alberta oil sands to the British Columbia coast via a 1,200-kilometre pipeline. The Pembina Institute report, Opening the Door for Oil Sands Expansion: The Hidden Environmental Impacts of the Enbridge Gateway Pipeline, found that the new pipeline capacity would result in the production of an additional 367,500 barrels of oil each day.

Oil Sands Growth Linked to Pipeline Capacity - Fact Sheet

Published by: Pembina Institute

Opening the Door to Oil Sands Expansion: The Enbridge Oil Sands Pipeline highlights the climate, land, water and air impacts that would occur as a result of this project. It recommends that before further steps are taken to develop the Enbridge oil sands pipeline, the environmental management concerns of the oil sands need to be addressed and a public inquiry that could engage communities in the full range of impacts be concluded.

Legal Comment on Coastal First Nations No Tankers Declaration

Published by: West Coast Environmental Law

In making the March 23rd Declaration, Coastal First Nations exercised their ancestral laws, rights and responsibilities over the lands and waters of their territories. A federal government decision to allow the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline project and related tanker traffic, contrary to the Coastal First Nations declaration, would infringe on their constitutionally-protected Aboriginal Title and Rights and breach Canada’s international law obligations. The Coastal First Nations Declaration opens any company who facilitates the transportation of Tar Sands crude oil through Coastal First Nations territories to potential enforcement action grounded in these nations’ respective laws and customs. Furthermore, the large number of impacted nations, the strength of opposition to the project, and weaknesses in the Crown’s proposed review process create a volatile legal situation and a high probability of litigation by one or more First Nations that could delay or potentially derail the project.

Keeping Tankers Out of BC’s North Coast - Preventing the Next Exxon Valdez

Published by: West Coast Environmental Law

British Columbia’s north coast oil tanker moratorium, covers the Dixon Entrance, Hecate Strait and Queen Charlotte Sound – the waters between Alaska, Haida Gwaii and Vancouver Island . The federal government used its authority over shipping to ban oil tankers in 1972, triggered by widespread concerns over oil spills. Coastal First Nations, the public and the provincial government believed the risks of oil spills from tankers servicing the Trans-Alaska Pipeline system were unacceptably high due to the treacherous nature of BC’s Inside Passage. The moratorium was designed to safeguard the vibrant ecosystems and economies along the coast from such potential disasters. The oil tanker ban was not passed into legislation, but the has been respected for the last 37 years. Now the tanker ban is at risk, as oil tankers are being proposed on the coast. To protect the coast, Ottawa’s ban on tankers must be made into law.

Carrier Sekani Tribal Council Aboriginal Interest and Use Study on the Enbridge Gateway Pipeline

Published by: Carrier Sekani Tribal Council

Provides a preliminary assessment of the potential environmental & socio-economic impacts of the Gateway pipeline; Provides an overview of the Aboriginal title & rights of the Carrier Sekani that would be impacted or infringed by the Gateway pipeline.

Out on the Tar Sands Mainline: Mapping Enbridge’s Web of Pipelines

Published by: Polaris Institute

Divided into five sections, the profile covers Enbridge’s operations, economic situation, political connections, social and environmental track record and finally the company’s institutional shareholders and main financial underwriters.